Trinidad and Tobago: Geography
  • Want to learn more about the culture, visit the Culture & History section

  • Visit the Maps section for more details.

Location: Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Venezuela

Map references: Central America and the Caribbean


  • Total area: 5,130 sq km
  • Land area: 5,130 sq km

Climate: Tropical; rainy season (June to December)

Terrain: Mostly plains with some hills and low mountains

Natural Resources: Petroleum, natural gas, asphalt

Land Use:

  • Arable land: 14%
  • Permanent crops: 17%
  • Meadows and pastures: 2%
  • Forest and woodland: 44%
  • Other: 23%

International Agreements: Party to - Climate Change, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Wetlands; signed, but not ratified - Biodiversity


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