National Emblems of Trinidad and Tobago

National Flag of the
Republic of Trinidad and Tobago

The Black represents the dedication of the people joined together by one strong bond. It is the colour of strength, of unity of purpose, and of the wealth of the land.
Red is the colour most expressive of our country; it represents the vitality of the land and its peoples; it is the warmth and energy of the sun, the courage and friendliness of our people.
White is the sea by which these lands are bound; the cradle of our heritage; the purity of our aspirations and the equality of men and women under the sun.

The National Flag was selected from a series of designs created by the Independence Committee in 1962. The colours of red,black and white were chosen to reflect the philosophy of the new Nation, the principles for which it stood, its hopes and aspirations and the Nation's supreme determination to preserve the harmony and unity of spirit which underlie the cultural diversity of our people. These colours also represent the elements of Earth, Water and Fire which are embodied in our past, present and future.

The Coat of Arms of the
Republic of Trinidad and Tobago

Inscribed on the motto scroll are the words " Together we aspire; together we achieve".

The Coat of Arms incorporates important historical and indigenous elements of Trinidad and Tobago in a design approved by the College of Arms.

The elements of this emblem are: the Shield, the Helm of special design, the Mantle which covers the Helm, the Wreath to hold the Mantle in place, the Crest, the Supporters and the Motto.

At the top is the Crest - a ship's wheel in gold in front of a fruited coconut palm. This palm has always been the central figure on the Great Seals of British Colonial Tobago. Beneath the wheel is the wreath which holds the mantle in place.

The Helm is a gold helmet facing front which represents the Queen. The devices on the shield are the humming birds. The three gold ships represent the Trinity; the discovery of the islands, the three ships of Columbus; the sea that brought our people together; the commerce and wealth of the country. The National Flag's colours can also be found repeated on the Shield.

The Supporters are a Scarlet Ibis for Trinidad on the left and a Cocorico for Tobago on the right. Both are shown in their natural colours. The Three Peaks may have been chosen to commemorate Columbus's decision to name Trinidad and Tobago after the Blessed Trinity or the same three peaks called the "Three Sisters" which a sailor on Columbus's ship saw rising from the south of the island.

National Flower of the
Republic of Trinidad and Tobago

The honour of being chosen as our national flower goes to a wild, forest flower called the Chaconia, also  known as the "Pride of Trinidad and Tobago" and "Wild Poinsettia." The Chaconia is an indigenous flower known by its long sprays of magnificent vermillion. Coincidentally, this flower blooms on every anniversary of our Independence Day (August 31, 1962). For us, the Chaconia represents the imperishability of life and the continuity of our nation.

The Chaconia belongs to the family Rubiaceae and owes its botanical name, Warszewiczia Coccinea, to the Polish-Lithuanian plant collector, Joseph Warszewicz. The title "Chaconia" was given to it in honour of the last and most progressive Spanish Governor of Trinidad, Don Jose Maria Chacon (1784-1797).

National Birds of the
Republic of Trinidad and Tobago

The Scarlet Ibis (Eudocimus ruber), locally known as "flamingo," makes its home in the Caroni Bird Sanctuary in the Caroni Swamp--an area set aside by the government for the protection of these colourful birds. The Caroni Swamp includes fifteen thousand acres of marshland, tidal lagoons, and mangrove trees. Several thousand Scarlet Ibises nest and roost in the sanctuary and are often seen in large numbers during the last two hours of daylight. Larger numbers of Scarlet Ibises can be seen during the breeding season, from April to August. These birds feed mainly on crabs which they seek out on the mud flats exposed at low tide and on the stilt roots of the red mangrove. Boat tours of the Caroni Swamp are available throughout the year.

The Cocorico (Ortalis ruficauda), also known as the "Chachalaca," is a rufous-tailed, tropical pheasant indigenous to Tobago. They tend to inhabit the higher areas of the island amidst the forest and sometimes the dry scrubby lands bordering cultivated areas. Cocricos are known for sounding a loud, grating chorus at dawn and dusk. The sound is a raucous cocricó repeated several times, hence the name of the bird. The Scarlet Ibis and the Cocorico are only two of over 400 species of birds recorded in Trinidad and Tobago.

The National Anthem Of The
Republic Of Trinidad & Tobago

Forged from the love of liberty,
In the fires of hope and prayer,
With boundless faith in our destiny,
We solemnly declare :
Side by side we stand,
Islands of the blue Caribbean Sea.
This our native land,
We pledge our lives to thee.
Here every creed and race find an equal place,
And may God bless our nation.
Here every creed and race find an equal place,
And may God bless our nation.

Listen to the Anthem

In 1962, Pat Castagne composed the lyrics and music of the National Anthem. The National Anthem should be accorded the respect due to it when played. All persons should stand at attention, men in civilian wear should remove their head-dress and Officers of the military, protective and fire services are required to salute.

National Instrument of the
Republic of Trinidad and Tobago


The steel pan is a musical instrument indigenous to Trinidad and Tobago whose early evolution dates back to the 1930's and 40's. Traditionally made from a steel drum or container, it is a definite percussion instrument in the idiophone class. The playing surface is divided into convex sections by channel, groves and / or bores and each convex section is a note tuned to a definite pitch. The range and assortment of today's instruments makes it possible to execute the simplest of melodies to the most complex arrangements found in orchestration.

Official T&Ts Airline:
BWIA: British West Indies Airways

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